7 steps to building a ground Timber floor

If  you are  looking  for  economy in your construction project , timber  floor will  serve  your ends  well . And  there is  more , because its also strong, durable, resistant  to  damp  penetration and  offer  good  thermal  insulation. Talk  of  a product    that  more than cater  for    all  you need in a floor  and  leave  a generous  balance  in your pockets to  boot. Constructing  this   floor type or any floor for that matter, calls  for  systematic planning  because  ,you want  availability  of all necessary building materials   and  trades personnel   like  mason and plumbers  at the right time and place, to  avoid  un-necessary  delays   that might cause  you to overshoot your  budget. Like Warren Buffets once said to Bill Gates (some of the famous  billionaires), getting good stuff at bargain price is invaluable because you avoid waste and increase your net worth in the long run.

That  said, I  do not   see  any reason why  we should  not jump right into the  actual  construction  steps.Embed from Getty Images

First  the  cover the ground  with  100mm  of  concrete  laid  on a  base  of  hardcore  stones. Lay the concrete at a slightly sloping angle with water discharge above the ground. This should preventing ponding   and growth of vegetation.

Second construct the honeycombed sleeper walls. Sleeper  wall  are   rough-stone or brick supports  or walls separated  by  spaces  at  regular intervals   built  directly  on the  ground or  on shallow foundation.

Third, seal the spaces in sleeper walls and incorporate into the substructure ventilation. The ventilations must be above the ground level   and should allow air to enter and leave the void easily. This should keep the space dry and free from damp air.

Fourth fix  the  floor  joist  onto the  sleeper  walls  in such a way  that they  do not touch the  external  wall, to avoid  rising damp  from infecting them and the  outbreak of  rot. At the external wall the joist should be support by   joist hangers to ensure airtight and soundproof insulation.

A joist    is  one of a series  of  parallel  timber beams used to  span the  gap  between  walls  and  directly  support the  floor  surface. The  sectional  size of joist  depend on  its  span,  spacing , loading  expected  to  be  placed  upon it   and  the  quality  of timber used.

A  gap  of  a least  75mm  should  be left  between  the    concrete  and  the  wall plate.

Fifth  lay the  damp  proof  course    on the  wall .This  should  separate  the   entire  floor  from  the  substructure.

Sixth, deploy the floor finishing .Here you are free to choose square edged floorboards, tongued and grooved boards or chipboards. Square edged boards are generally 150 to 175 mm wide and 18 to 35 mm thick. These are actually pieces of   strip timber that is fixed or nailed on the floor joist.Embed from Getty Images

Tongued   and  grooved  boards    are  close  fitting  joint  boards that   are nailed  to the  joist and form  a smooth   surface on which can be laid  a  variety   additional  finishes  like  shingles.

Chipboard   consists  of  small  wood  chips  bonded  with  synthetic  resin  and  then compressed  to  form  large  sheets. The  boards  are  generally  2400mm  by  600mm by  18mm  thick and  are  available  with  tongued  and  grooved  edges. A  sheet  of  chip board  is  therefore several  times  the  width  of  of a  typical  floorboard. They have good wear    resistance   and cheaper than square edge board or strip timber flooring. Moisture resistant board are also available, but   should not be subject to long term wetness.Embed from Getty Images

Seven, and  last  step, Timber  floor   loose   considerable  amount of heat  because  of  the  flow  of  air   below the  joist. Its  therefore  advisable to consider  building into the floor  insulation of  rigid  foam  supported  by  battens.

©Copyright 2017 eastafricaminihardware.com

Sources: The construction of houses by Duncan Marshall & Derek Worthing.

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